Mosaics of Hagia Sophia

The Forum of Constantine

The following publications were used in the creation of this website. Visitors to this site are encouraged to purchase copies of these publications for further study or visit these articles online:

  • Byzantine Painting  - Andre Grabar - 1979 Skira ISBN: 0-8478-0225-6
  • The Forum of Constantine in Constantinople: What do we know about its original architecture and adornment? - Anthony Kaldellis - Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 56 (2016) 714–739
  • Byzantium Between the Ottomans and the Latins - Nevra Necipoglu - Cambridge University Press - 2009
  • Constantinople Merchants and the Question of Their Attitudes Towards Italians and Ottomans in the Late Palaiologian Period - Nevra Becipoglu - Leipzig 2000
  • The Medieval Climate Anomaly and Byzantium: A review of the evidence on climatic fluctuations, economic performance and societal change - Quaternary Science Reviews xxx (2015) 1-24
  • Middle and Late Byzantine Jewellery from Thessaloniki and its Region - Anastassios C. Antonaras - BYZAS 15 (2012) 117-126
  • Three Illuminated Chrysobulls of Andronikos II? - Annemarie Weyl Carr - New Rome -2009
  • Gospel Frontispieces from the Comnenian Period - Annemarie Weyl Carr - GESTA 1982
  • Best and bad practices - The imperial guilds of Constantinople - Dimitrios G. Mavridisa, Konstantinos I. Vatalis - Procedia Economics and Finance - 2014
  • Glass Vessels in Late Byzantine Graves in Thessaloniki - Anastassios C. Antonaras
  • Houses, streets and shops in Byzantine Constantinople from the fifth to the twelfth centuries - K.R. Dark - Journal of Medieval History 30 (2004) 83–107
  • An Architectural Interpretation of the Early Byzantine Great Palace in Constantinople, from Constantine I to Heraclitus - Nigel Westbrook B. Arch. (RMIT) M. Arch. (RMIT)
  • Sacred Relics and Imperial Ceremonies at the Great Palace of Constantinople - Holger A. Klein
  • The Patriarchal Palace at Constantinople in the seventh century: locating the Thomaites and the Makron - Dark, K. and Kostenec, J. 2014
  • Observations on the Great Palace at Constantinople- The Sanctuaries of the Archangel Michael, the Daphne Palace and the Magnaura - Jan Kostenec
  • New Findings on Hagia Sophia Subterranean and its Surroundings - ÇIGDEM ÖZKAN AYGÜN - Bizantinistica 2010
  • The Emperor Theophilos (829-842) Between Classicism and Exoticism - Silvia Padone
  • The Fires of the Fourth Crusade 1203-04 A Damage Reassessment - T.F. Madden
  • Some Byzantine Aromatics - Andrew Dalby
  • Ceiling Rings in the Aisles of Hagia Sophia - Neil Moran - 2017 Eichter
  • Peribleptos ("SULU") Monastery In Istanbul - Ferdun Ozgumus 2000
  • New Evidence For the Byzantine Church of Holy Apostles From Fatih Camii - Ken Dark and Ferdun Ozgumus - Oxford Journal of Archaeology 2002
  • The Lincoln College Typikon: Influences of Church and Family in an Illuminated Foundation Document for a Palaiologan Convent in Constantinople - Cecily Hennessy
  • Defining Personal Space: Dress and Accessories in Late Antiquity - Maria G. Parani
  • Cultural Identity and Dress: The Case of Late Byzantine Ceremonial Costume - Maria G. Parani
  • Dressed to Kill - Middle Byzantine Ceremonial Military Attire - Maria G. Parani
  • Byzantine Jewellery: The Evidence from Byzantine Legal Documents - Maria G. Parani
  • Eunuchs in the Late Byzantine Empire - 1250-1400 - Niels Gaul
  • Female Founders in Byzantium and Beyond - WIENER JAHRBUCH FÜR KUNSTGESCHICHTE - 2011-12
  • Great Fire in the Metropolis - The Case of the Istanbul Conflagration of 1569 - Minna Rosen and Benjamin Arbel
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art Symposia Byzantium: Faith and Power (1261–1557) Perspectives on Late Byzantine Art and Culture - Edited by Sarah T. Brooks
  • Designing Receptions in the Palace - Christine Angelidi - BRILL 2013
  • Tools, Textile Production and Society in Viking Age Birka - Eva B. Andersson
  • DOP 56 Icons and the Object of Pilgrimage in Middle Byzantine Constantinople - Annemarie Weyl Carr - 2003
  • DOP 39 Marble and Stoneworking in Byzantium, Seventh–Fifteenth Centuries - Jean-Pierre Sodini - 2002
  • The Empire of Manuel I Komnenos 1143-1180 - Paul Magdalino - Cambridge University Press
  • Studies on the History and Topography of Byzantine Constantinople - Paul Magdalino - Variorum Collected Studies Series
  • The Alexiad - Anna Comnena translated by Elizabeth A. S. Dawes - Publications Byzantine Series Cambridge, Ontario 2000
  • A HISTORIC DISTRICT ADJACENT TO EYÜP: AYVANSARAY - Dr. Ahmet Kamil GÖREN Professor at Istanbul University Faculty of Literature
  • The Blachernai Palace and Its Defense - Neslihan ASUTAY-EFFENBERGER- 2013 PEETERS
  • Bertrandon de la Broquière on Byzantium and Serbia. Richness and Decline in the Age of the Ottoman Conquest of the Balkans - Boris Stojkovski - Budapest 2018
  • Space and Ceremony in the Great Palace of Constantinople Under the Macedonian Emperors - 2014 - Michael Featherstone
  • Luxury in the Palace - The Buildings of Theophilus - 2013 - Michael Featherstone
  • Royal Courts in Dynastic States and Empires - Ceremonies and the City: The Court in Fourteenth Century Constantinople - Ruth Macrides - Brill 2011
  • Pseudo-Kodinos and the Constantinopolitan Court: Offices and Ceremonies - By Ruth Macrides, J.A. Munitiz, Dimiter Angelov
  • Royal Courts in Dynastic States and Empires - Court and Capital - Paul Magdalino - Brill 2011
  • The Marble Floor of St. John Studius in Constantinople: a Neglected Masterpiece - Claudia Barsanti - 2009
  • Istanbul Viewed: The Representation of the City in Ottoman Maps - IFFET ORBAY - June 2001
  • The Marble Omphalos of Saint Sophia in Constantinople - An Analysis of an Opus Sectile Pavement of Middle Byzantine Age - Silvia Pedone - 2009
  • DOP 54 - The Commercial Map of Constantinople - Marlia Mundell Mango - 2000
  • The Oxford Handbook of Byzantine Studies - edited by Elizabeth Jeffreys with John Haldon and Robin Cormack - Oxford University Press
  • The South Vestibule of Hagia Sophia at Istanbul. The Ornamental Mosaics and the Private Door of the Patriarchate - DOP -Natalia Teteriatnikov and Philipp Niewöhner
  • The Mosaics of Haghia Sophia at Istanbul, Fourth Preliminary Report - work done in 1934-1938 - The Deesis Panel in the South Gallery - Thomas Whittemore - 1952 University Press, Oxford
  • Hagia Sophia, Architecture, Structure and Liturgy of Justinian's Great Church - Rowland J. Mainstone - 1988 Thames and Hudson
  • The Mosaics of Hagia Sophia, Istanbul: The Fossati Restoration and the Work of the Byzantine Institute - Natalia B. Teteriatnikov - Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection
  • The Mosaics and Frescoes of St. Mary Pammakaristos (Fethiye Camii) at Istanbul - Hans Belting, Cyril Mango and Doula Mouriki
  • The Byzantine Churches of Istanbul by Thomas Matthews
  • Russian Travelers to Constantinople in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries - George Majeska
  • DOP 19 The Apse Mosaics of St. Sophia at Istanbul - Report on Work Carried Out in 1964 - Cyril Mango and Ernest J. W. Hawkins
  • Studies on Constantinople - Cyril Mango
  • The Mosaics of St. Sophia at Istanbul - The Mosaics of the Southern Vestibule - Thomas Whittemore - Oxford University Press - 1936
  • The Mosaics of Hagia Sophia at Istanbul - Imperial Portraits of the South Gallery - Thomas Whittemore - Oxford University Press - 1942
  • The Water Supply of Byzantine Constantinople - James Crow, Jonathan Bardill, and Richard Bayliss - 2008
  • A Byzantine Jerusalem, The Imperial Pharos Chapel as the Holy Sepulchre - Alexei Lidov
  • Spatial Icons. The Miraculous Performance with the Hodegetria of Constantinople - Alexei Lidov
  • The Barletta Colossus Revisited: The Methodological Challenges of an Enigmatic Statue - Bente Kiilerich - 2015
  • Likeness and Icon - The Imperial Couples in Hagia Sophia - Bente Kiilerich - 2004
  • Wikipedia
  • The Life and Afterlife of Constantine's Column - Robert Ousterhout - The Journal of Roman Archaeology - Volume 27 2014
  • Houses, Markets, and Baths: Secular Architecture in Byzantium - Robert Ousterhout - Heaven & Earth - Athens 2003
  • Building Medieval Constantinople - Robert G. Ousterhout - University of Pennsylvania 1996
  • Sacred Geographies and Holy Cities - Constantinople as Jerusalem - Robert Ousterhout
  • Devotional Crosses in the Columns and Walls of Hagia Sophia - Natalia Teteriatnikov
  • Justinianic Mosaics of Hagia Sophia and Their Aftermath - Natalia Teteriatnikov
  • The Last Palaiologan Mosaic Program of Hagia Sophia - Dome and Pendentives - Natalia Teteriatnikov

Icon of St. Demetrios

Meet Bob Atchison - the Creator of this Website

I am an icon painter, Russian Historian and Austin Web Designer formerly of Seattle, Washington and now living in Austin, Texas. My interest in Byzantium and icons began when I was 8 years old and read my first book on Byzantium called "The Fall of Constantinople".

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The Emperor John II Comnenus

John Comnenus